Hochelaga-Maisonneuve is a neighborhood of Montreal. It was at one time the working-class district of the city. It is part of the borough of Mercier-Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.
The name Hochelaga comes from the name of an Indian village, discovered on the side of Mount Royal by Jacques Cartier in 1535.
The foundation of the Nativity parish of the Blessed Virgin of Hochelaga dates back to 1867. Its territory extends from the rue d’Iberville in the west to the Longue-Pointe district (rue Vimont) to the east. The municipality of Hochelaga was formed in 1875. From 1874 to 1883, the establishment of important industries, including the Victor Hudon cotton mills, the St. Anne’s spinning mill and the WC McDonald tobacco factory, led to a significant expansion from the village of Hochelaga.
Thanks to this growth, Hochelaga passed from village status to city status on March 30, 1883. However, as it could not meet the expenses generated by the necessary construction of streets, sewers, etc., the city was annexed to Montreal at the end of the year an official ceremony on December 22, 1831.
However, it is not the entire territory of Hochelaga that is annexed. Indeed, some landowners refuse the annexation and ask the creation of a new municipality: the City of Maisonneuve is created on December 27, 1883. This municipality will extend east of the district, from the street Bourbonnière to the street Viau. The former mayor’s house became the neighborhood’s library, located at the corner of Pie IX and Ontario Streets.
The neighborhood was mainly residential and the population was mostly in the working class. Its development was nevertheless later. To further facilitate economic development, Maisonneuve is a municipal council and grants industries a tax holiday. It had to declare bankruptcy, unable to finance the scale of its ambitions. It was annexed by Montreal in 1918. Maisonneuve rivaled Montreal by its industrial territories. After the closure of several factories in the 1980s, Hochelaga-Maisonneuve had to deal with rising poverty and unemployment. The 2000s were marked by a gentrification of the neighborhood.
Olympic Stadium of Montreal
Saputo Stadium – Montreal Impact
American Can Co. Building
Maisonneuve Cultural Center(and the library)
Church of the Most Holy Name of Jesus
Church of the Most Holy Redeemer
Sucre Lantic Company
Public Bath Maisonneuve
Ste-Catherine East Parkway
The circular arc
Stations de métro